Let John Scott Play!

Let John Scott play. The ninth year NHL journeyman defenseman or winger, neither position is he particularly good at, was voted in as a captain for the NHL All-Star game and automatically into the league’s mid-season event celebrating the best players in the league.

In the traditional sense John Scott has no business being in the NHL All-Star. In no sense is he a good player. Scott is one of the worst skaters in the NHL, a fundamental skill to play hockey that some many say Scott does not possess. Outside of his inability to skate Scott has no real skill outside of fighting. The six foot eight inch Scott tips the scale around 270 pounds and has just five NHL goals to his name in almost 300 games.

So why does John Scott deserve to be an All-Star, because it’s what the fans want. Sure the fans voted Scott in because they had the ability to. Sure it’s a way for fans to mock the league, but who cares. The All-Star game is all about fun. The NHL recognizes that fact and it is a driving force when the league elected to shift the All-Star game to a three on three format.

No matter the number of people who say Scott should not play, he should because it is the fans who want him to play. In the millennial era, All-Star games mean virtually nothing. Compared to the past eras where All-Stars represented the one time of year, where fans across the country could watch all of the league’s best players. When you look at the demographic of people saying John Scott should not play, they are represent hockey’s old guard, who lived in an era where All-Star games represented one of the league’s most important events.

Today All-Star games are just fun for the players and fans. With the exception of baseball’s All-Star game, the games are meaningless and carry no impact on the season. With expanding multimillion dollar national television contracts, video games and internet streaming of virtually every game, fans are able to watch every game. No longer do fans just get the weekly games featured on Hockey Night in Canada. If a person wants, they can watch multiple games a day.

Some people have made the argument that All-Star games should not be made a joke because of their impact when voting on Hall of Fame candidacies. The fact is, All-Star games should be hold little merit when looking at Hall of Fame candidacy. The reason, All-Star games are flawed, and only represent the best players for the first half of the season. They also represent fan favourites that are voted in due to their popularity.

For Hall of Fame voters, the season ending All-Pro teams are better representation of who the best players were for a given season. All-Pro teams are not voted on by fans and will never feature a John Scott on them.

So NHL, do the right thing. Let John Scott play in the All-Star game, even if he doesn’t deserve to be there on a merit of his skill. Let John Scott be there because the fans want him to play. NHL do not remove Scott from the All-Star game because he has been sent to the minors on several occasions this year. Let John Scott remain the captain of a division he no long plays in, since the Arizona Coyotes traded him to the Montreal Canadiens.

Give the fans what they voted for, let John Scott play in the NHL All-Star game.

 

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Over the Top Rope: The Royal Rumble

In the world of professional wrestling there is no more anticipated match each year than the Royal Rumble. Sure the main event of Wrestlemania maybe more prestigious, but most years the main event isn’t established until after someone wins the Rumble. The Royal Rumble represents the one match guaranteed each year, that generates interest from even the most casual fan.

The beauty of the Rumble is its simplistic nature. First proposed in the late 1980s by legendary French Canadian wrestler Pat Patterson as an alternative version of the traditional battle royal. Since the first Rumble hosted in Hamilton, Ontario in 1988 and won by “Hacksaw” Jim Duggan, the Rumble has been a yearly event on the WWE calendar.

The Rumble starts like nearly every other match, two men in the ring. The big difference, pin fall or submission do not win you the match. Instead you have to throw your opposition over the top rope and on to the floor where both feet must hit the floor. However, there is another catch, every two minutes another competitor enter the match.

Unknown to Patterson at the time, but he invented the perfect match for the short attention span, ADD audience. Every two minutes, entrance music plays and the crowd reacts. The wrestling business is based upon two things, selling matches and generating crowd interest that creates a reaction. The Rumble does both, as it represents the second biggest show for the WWE.

In total, 30 men, (and sometimes women,) enter the Rumble. Every year the Rumble has its own surprise entry. Often a legendary superstars from the past return to make an appearance. The crowd goes wild as they hear the theme music of a superstar they haven’t heard from in years. A few minutes later, the surprise entry is thrown over the top rope and eliminated.

Over the next hour give or take a few minutes, viewers eyes are glued to the screen. Wrestlers leave it all on the line, looking to create that one memorable moment that stands the test of time. For the past few Rumbles it has been the acrobatic near eliminations of Kofi Kingston. Although Kingston, has never won the Rumble his ability to avoid elimination has led to some memorable moments. For Kingston, the moment lives on for years, but his time in the Rumble usually comes to an end mere minutes later.

When the 29th man is eliminated, the last man in the ring is crowned the winner. Since 1993, the winner has been guaranteed a main event title shot at that year’s Wrestlemania. While for many of the competitors in the match, there storyline and angles are created as they seek revenge on the opponent who eliminated them.

However, this year is not like the every Rumble since 1993. For the first time since 1992 the winner of the Rumble will be crowned WWE World Heavyweight Champion. In 1992, Nature Boy Ric Flair entered third and was in the ring over an hour to win the vacated the then WWF title. The title was vacated after two “controversial” title changes involving Hulk Hogan and The Undertaker, which saw the title change hands thanks to some interference from Flair.

In this year’s edition, Roman Reigns enters the champion, but after some feuding with WWE owner Vince McMahon, his daughter Stephanie and son in law Triple H, will be forced to defend the title at the Rumble. Adding to the interest this year is how depilated the WWE roster is due to the injuries of main stars and former champions.

Seth Rollins, was the champion for most of 2015, until he tore his ACL, MCL and meniscus in Ireland and was forced to vacate the title. The two biggest stars of the past decade, John Cena and Randy Orton are both out recovering from shoulder surgery. Former champion Daniel Bryan is out as he still needs to be medically cleared from a doctors following a concussion. Former tag team champions Tyson Kidd and Cesaro are both out after Kidd broke his neck and Cesaro underwent shoulder surgery. Former Intercontinental champion Wade Barrett continues to be out with a neck injury.

The Royal Rumble is usually strategically positioned by the WWE during the bye week in-between the conference championship games and the Super Bowl. However, the 2016 edition takes place in Orlando on January 24 directly against the NFL playoffs. As injured as the WWE roster is, the list of potential winners is shorter than you might think.

Reigns enters champion and very well could leave the champion. In his two Rumble entries, Reigns has finished the runner up in 2014 and the winner in 2015, eliminating a record 12 in 2014.

Option two is former champion Brock Lesnar. Lesnar won the Rumble in 2003, and could very well run the table as he uses his incredible size and athletic ability to throw everyone else out of the ring.

Option three is on-screen COO Triple H. The real life husband of Stephanie McMahon and WWE corporate executive spent the late 1990s and 2000s as one of the company’s top stars. However, over the past few years, he has spent his time behind the scenes developing talent. On-screen he is the hate authority figure that continues to hold back wrestlers he deems unworthy. A Triple H win would mark his second Rumble win, previously winning in 2002, would set up a Wrestlemania matchup with Reigns for the title.

The three represent the three betting favourites and yes, you can bet on pro wrestling. Other wrestlers who could win include Bray Wyatt, Dean Ambrose and Kevin Owens. Ambrose and Owens are also scheduled to meet in a last man standing match for the Intercontinental Title.

If you are feeling like making a wager you can bet on everyone from the muscular 70 year old Chairman and 1999 Rumble winner Vince McMahon, or his two children Shane and Stephanie all three paying 100 to 1. You can even bet on Ronda Rousey at 50 to 1, following her appearance at Wrestlemania 31 and defeat at the hands of Holly Holm.

In many ways the Rumble is foolproof. Many college basketball experts call the March Madness Tournament a foolproof system. The Rumble is similar in many fashions with its dark horses making runs and underdogs eliminating favourites. However, over the past two Rumbles, fans have left disappointed with the winner, but still entertained. This year, the wildcard element is sure to leave fans intrigued on the road to Wrestlemania.

 

 

Why The Cleveland Browns Have Been Dysfunctional Since 1999

Since returning to the NFL in 1999, the Cleveland Browns have been a laughingstock and an example of how not to run any sports team. And yet somehow they have found a way of reaching new levels of being a dysfunction franchise.

In 1995 then Browns owner Art Modell relocated his historic 4-time championship winning NFL franchise to Baltimore. During the same off-season Modell fired then Browns’ Head Coach Bill Belichick. By 2000 the Baltimore Ravens were Super Bowl champions lead by an all-time great defence. The foundation was set for the Ravens championship team at 1996 NFL draft when the Ravens, selected Hall of Fame left tackle Jonathan Ogden with what would have been the Browns’ fourth overall pick. Thanks to Belichick, the Ravens had an additional first round pick after a trade at the previous year’s draft that saw the San Francisco 49ers traded up from 30th overall to 10th overall to select wide receiver J.J. Stokes. In addition to the 30th pick the Browns received the 26th overall pick in 1996. With that pick, the Ravens selected University of Miami linebacker and future first ballot Hall of Famer Ray Lewis.

From 1996 season until 1998 the Cleveland Browns franchise was officially a suspended operation. As part of an agreement between the city of Cleveland and the NFL, the city was allowed to keep the name, logo and colours associated with the franchise and a promise that if a new stadium was built the Browns would return as an expansion franchise. In 1998 Al Lerner paid a then record fee for the Browns franchise to return. The Lerner family would continue to own the Browns until 2012, despite Al’s death 2002.

The rebooted Browns started operations in February 1999, with an expansion draft. Despite not having a single player on the roster, the Browns under General Manager Dwight Clark were only able to select two players who would end as starters the first season. The team hired Chris Palmer as their head coach. In the 1999 draft, the Browns selected Kentucky quarterback Tim Couch first overall, hoping for him to be their franchise quarterback. With the second overall pick the Philadelphia Eagles selected Syracuse quarterback Donovan McNabb. Despite selecting six players who would be starters in their initial season, none would have long or impactful careers. Bad drafting is a recurring theme that has plagued the franchise since the 1999 return.

In 2000 the Browns would yet again have the first overall pick, and predictably selected the wrong player. Penn St defensive lineman Courtney Brown was picked and would last just five years in Cleveland. Brown would be traded to Denver in 2005, and retired after just one season with the Broncos.

However, it would be Belichick who would come away the biggest winner of the 2000 NFL draft, in his first season as Head Coach of the New England Patriots. With the 183th overall pick the Browns selected Texas St. quarterback Spergon Wynn. Wynn would be out of the NFL following the 2001 season. Wynn would go on to play a few seasons in the CFL before retiring. Wynn’s career NFL quarterback rating is 39.5. That is only noteworthy because that if he were to drop back and throw the ball directly into the ground every play, his quarterback rating would be 39.6. The next quarterback drafted, 199th overall, was some guy from the University of Michigan you may have heard of, Tom Brady.

In 2001, Belichick and Brady would win their first of four Super Bowls. The Browns meanwhile hired University of Miami head coach Butch Davis, to be their general manager and replace Palmer who went 5-27 in his two seasons as the Browns’ head coach. Under Davis the Browns improved to 7-9 and 9-7 in 2002, making the playoffs for the first and only time since the franchise return in 1999. The Browns would travel to division rival Pittsburgh losing 36-33. However, there was reason for optimism in Cleveland. The sense of optimism around the team would be brief.

Despite experience some minor success the Browns draft picks continued to be horrible. In their first four seasons, the Browns would select just four players who would spend more than 6 seasons as starters in the NFL (Daylon McCutcheon, Gerard Warren, Anthony Henry and Andre Davis). Former first overall pick Tim Couch would be cut following the 2003 season as the Browns search for a franchise quarterback continued to go unfulfilled.

Davis was fired near the end of the 2004 season. After making the playoffs in 2002, Davis went 5-11 in 2003 and started the 2004 season 4-7 before being fired. 2003 would mark one of Cleveland’s best drafts, selecting Chris Crocker and Jeff Faine. Both Crocker and Faine would each be starters in the NFL for more than six seasons.

It is the career of Faine that best illustrates some of the bad luck the Browns have also suffered. In 2006, the Browns would make a big splash in free agency signing the best available player, center and Cleveland native LaCharles Bentley to a 6 year $36 million dollar contract, from the New Orleans Saints. The Browns would then trade incumbent starting center Jeff Faine to New Orleans. On the first play of training camp, Bentley suffered a serious knee injury and tore his patella tendon. Bentley would undergo multiple surgeries and nearly lose his leg to a staph infection. Bentley would never end up playing a single snap for the Browns. While Faine would go on to make the Pro Bowl with the Saints.

In 2004 the Browns would again find two starters of six plus season, Kellen Winslow Jr., and Sean Jones. Again bad luck would haunt the Browns. In the second game of his rookie season, Winslow broke his leg. In the off-season, Winslow would crash his motorcycle and tear his ACL. Despite recording over 1100 yards in 2007 season, Winslow would be traded after the 2008 season, after feuding with then General Manager Phil Savage after Winslow contracted a staph infection at the Browns’ facilities.

The 2004 off-season the Browns attempted to solve their quarterback problem by signing former three time Pro Bowl quarterback Jeff Garcia from the 49ers. Garcia signed for $25 million over four years. Garcia was 34 at the time of his signing, lasted just one season in Cleveland before being released. Garcia started just ten games in 2004, going 3-7. Garcia would spend the rest of his career bouncing from team to team as a backup, before retiring in 2011.

In 2005, the Browns looked to the coaching tree of Belichick for their next head coach. The Browns hired Patriots defensive coordinator and former Browns’ assistant Romeo Crennel. In the four previous seasons, Crennel won three Super Bowls as the defensive coordinator for the Brady and Belichick lead Patriots. By the time Crennel was hired, the Browns had started 7 different quarterbacks. By the end of Crennel’s tenure in 2008 the Browns would be up to 13 different starting quarterbacks. In four seasons Crennel’s record would be 24-40. That record looks even worse considering the Browns nearly made the playoffs in 2007 with a 10-6 record. In the other three seasons the Browns were 14-34 under Crennel. Crennel’s tenure was tied to Savage who served as the Browns general manager from 2005 until 2008.

The Crennel era would again be plagued with disastrous drafts and free agent signings. In the first six years of the rebooted Browns, the team drafted in the top 6 four times. Crennel would begin his tenure with the third overall pick selecting Michigan wide receiver Braylon Edwards. Edwards like Winslow before him would be plagued by knee injuries and a staph infection. Edwards produced one fantastic season for the Browns, recorded 1289 yards and 16 touchdowns in 2007. After four games into the 2009 season, Edwards was traded to the New York Jets.

The Browns once again made a big splash in free agency, signing cornerback Gary Baxter away from division rival Baltimore Ravens for $30 million and six seasons. The Browns gave Braxter a $10.5 million signing bonus. In his first season in Cleveland Baxter missed 11 games after tearing his pectoral muscle. The following season, Baxter tore his patella tendon in both of his knees just three games into the season. Baxter spent the entire 2007 season on injury reserve as he recovered from his injury. In total, Baxter played in just eight games for the Browns and was released prior to the 2008 season.

The Browns drafted two starters of 6 or more seasons in the 2006 draft (Kamerion Wimbley and D’Qwell Jackson). In 2007, the Browns drafted Wisconsin Left Tackle Joe Thomas. Thomas is easily the best player the Browns have fielded since their return in 1999 and will a future Hall of famer. In addition to Thomas, the Browns drafted another 6 year plus starter in cornerback Eric Wright. Unfortunately in the same draft the Browns mortgaged most of their 2008 draft in a trade to select Notre Dame quarterback and Ohio native Brady Quinn 22nd overall. The Browns’ 2008 draft was a complete write off. With just six picks and none until the fourth round Browns came away with almost nothing.

Surprisingly the Browns’ were successful when they entered the free agent market in 2007. Unfortunately, for the Browns the 2008 off-season would again be disastrous. In 2007 the Browns lured Eric Steinbach away from in state rival Cincinnati. Steinbach would team with Thomas to form one of the best left sides of an offensive line in football for several seasons. The Browns also successfully signed former 2000 yard rusher Jamal Lewis from the Ravens. Lewis would produce two 1000 yard seasons for the Browns before retiring after the 2009 season.

In 2008 the Browns had perhaps their worst off-season since their return. The Browns first traded for Green Bay Packers franchise tag defensive lineman Corey Williams. The Browns would extend Williams with a six year $38.6 million contract. After just two seasons, Williams was traded to Detroit for virtually nothing. A week later, the Browns signed former Saints wide receiver Donte Stallworth to a seven year $35 million contract. In his first season Stallworth recorded just 17 catches and 170 yards. During the off-season Stallworth was charged with DUI manslaughter and suspended the entire 2009 season. Upon being reinstated the Browns terminated Stallworth’s contact.

For the second straight head coaching hire, the Browns looked to the Belichick coaching tree, hiring Eric Mangini. Mangini was fresh off a three year stint as the head coach of the New York Jets, where he made the playoff once and went 23-25. Mangini would last just two seasons with the Browns, as the same themes continued throughout his tenure.

For the first ten seasons of the Cleveland Browns reboot, the lack of success could be attributed to poor draft results, bad luck and playing in a division dominated by the Ravens and Pittsbugh Steelers, who combined to win three Super Bowls. However, in 2009 the Browns dropped to a new level of being a dysfunction, poorly run franchise. The Browns hired George Kokinis to replace Savage as the general manager. After a 1-7 start to the season, Kokinis was fired and escorted out of the building by security.

In his lone draft as General Manager Kokinis selected center Alex Mack in the first round. Mack continues to be the starting center of the Browns through the 2015 season. However, every other pick made by Kokinis provided little value and only special teams player Don Carey still in the league by 2015. The Browns would start 1-11 before winning their final four games to finish the season.

After the unmemorable tenure of Kokinis, the Browns provided their fans with optimism, by hiring former Packers and Seattle Seahawks Head Coach Mike Holmgren to be the team’s president. Holmgren won a Super Bowl with the Brett Favre lead Packers, leaving to become the head coach and general manager of the Seahawks. After a few seasons in both roles for the Seahawks, Holmgren was removed as the general manager, but remained the head coach leading the Seahawks to a Super Bowl appearance. Holmgren’s first move for the Browns was hiring with former Eagles general manager Tom Heckert Jr. to replace Kokinis.

Heckert had a successful first draft with the Browns, selecting three starters of four seasons in Joe Haden, T.J. Ward and Shawn Lauvao. Heckert successfully dipped into free agency to sign tight end Ben Watson to a three year $12 million contract that Watson would actually fulfill unlike most Browns signings. However, Heckert signed quarterback Jake Delhomme to a two year contract. Delhomme lead the Carolina Panthers to a Super Bowl appearance but lost to Belicheck and Brady. Delhomme was paid $7 million for the 2010 season before getting released and not playing out the second year of his contract.

The 2010 season would be the last for Eric Mangini who was fired after consecutive 5-11 seasons. By the end of the Mangini tenure, the Browns starting quarterback count was up to 16.

Heckert and Holmgren would hire former Eagles offensive coordinator Pat Shurmur as the new head coach. In his first season as head coach the Browns started 2-2, and would only win two more games the rest of the season. The Browns finished with a 4-12 season.

Heckert followed up his first draft was a second, solid but unspectacular draft. Heckert traded back from sixth overall pick to 27th with the Atlanta Falcons picking up additional picks. Heckert then traded up from 27 to 21 to selected mammoth defensive lineman Phil Taylor. Taylor would spend four seasons as a starter for the Browns but missed the majority of two seasons with injuries. Taylor would be cut prior to the 2015 season, and spent the year out of football.

In the second round Heckert selected Jabaal Sheard. Sheard spent three seasons as a starter in Cleveland before leaving for New England as a free agent, recording 31 sacks in his first five seasons. On the third day of the draft Heckert selected tight end Jordan Cameron and versatile defensive back Buster Skrine. Both Cameron and Skrine left the Browns as free agents following the 2014 season after two seasons of starting for the Browns.

From 1999 to 2011 the Browns went 68-140.Yet somehow the Browns managed to become even more dysfunctional. The story of the Cleveland Browns took a turn that very few could have seen coming. The Browns became even more of a comedic joke that even the best Hollywood comedy writers could not have come up with.

The 2012 off-season started with the team not making any mistakes in free agency, but that is more due to the team not making any major signings. Six weeks later, the draft arrived and general manager Heckert was extremely active.

At the 2012 draft, the Browns held the third overall pick. Heckert traded down to fourth picking up three extra day three picks. In total the Browns held 11 picks, including two in the first round. The Browns appeared to be moving in the right direction.

With the fourth overall pick, the Browns selected Alabama running back Trent Richardson. At the time the pick was praised as a selecting a “can’t miss” prospect. Richardson played 17 games for the Browns before being traded to the Indianapolis Colts for a first round pick. Richardson would be out of football for the entire 2015 season.

With the 22nd overall pick, the Browns selected former New York Yankees pitching prospect and Oklahoma State quarterback Brandon Weeden. Weeden was already 28 years old when the Browns drafted him, leaving him little room to improve. Like Richardson, Weeden was traded after two seasons and 20 starts with the Browns.

The remaining nine picks for the Browns produced similar success as their first two picks. Of the 11 picks the Browns had in 2012, only three players remain on the Browns through the 2015 season. Guard Mitchell Schwartz has proven to be a four year starter for the team replacing Steinbach at left guard, next to Thomas. Defensive lineman John Hughes has been a depth defender for the team. Receiver and return man Travis Benjamin has improve each year as a pro has emerged as an elite returner and starting receiver.

As part of the supplemental draft, the Browns selected troubled Baylor wide receiver Josh Gordon with a second round pick. At Baylor, Gordon had been suspended twice for drug related offenses. With the Browns, Gordon was very productive. In 2013, Gordon was suspended for the first two games of the season due to violating the NFL substance abuse policy. Despite the suspension, Gordon finished the season with 87 catches for 1646 yards and nine touchdowns. The following season, Gordon would be suspended 10 games for violating the substance policy again. Gordon would be suspended the entire 2015 for yet another substance abuse policy violation.

During the middle of the season, the Browns were sold. Jimmy Haslem purchased the franchise from the Lerner family for just around a billion dollars. Haslem earned his fortune through owning the Pilot Flying J truck stop empire. Haslem was a seemingly unknown figure, but as information surfaced the optimism that ownership changes usually bring sports franchise was quickly gone. In 2008, Haslem purchased a minority share of Brown rival the Pittsburgh Steelers. Haslem was forced to sell as part of his agreement when buying the Browns.

Predictably, as is the case when a new owner takes over the Browns cleaned house and fired executives Holmgren and Heckert. Like Mangini before him, Shurmur was fired after just his second season. By the end of the Shurmur, Heckert and Holmgren era the Browns had reached 18 different starting quarterbacks.

Haslem hired former Browns and Belichick director of pro personal Michael Lombardi. Lombardi worked for Bill Walsh’s 49ers dynasty in the 80s before being hired by the Browns in 1987 and staying with the team until 1996. From 1998 to 2007 Lombardi worked for the Oakland Raiders. Lombardi was qualified for to be the General Manager, but had spent the previous six seasons working in the media.

Lombardi hired former Browns offensive coordinator Rob Chudzinski as the head coach. Lombardi would then turn his focus to free agency where he hoped to rebuild the Browns’ defense. Lombardi spent a large portion of his available cap room on five year contracts for defensive lineman Desmond Bryant ($34 million) and edge defender Paul Kruger ($40 million). The moves both proved to be good, but neither proved to be anything to brag about. Lombardi would also sign Gary Barnidge to a bargain contract. In 2015, out of no where Barnidge caught 79 passes for 1043 yards and nine touchdowns. Barnidge’s 2015 stat line exceed his combined stats for the previous six seasons.

The Browns continued to reach new comedic levels in April 2013. Prior to the NFL draft it was revealed that Haslem’s truck stop business was being investigated by the FBI for fraud. Haslem and his company agreed to pay $92 million as part of a criminal enforcement agreement.

The 2013 draft proved to be nearly as terrible as their 2012 draft. With just five picks, the Browns hoped yet another top six pick would help their defence. The Browns again held a top six pick and elected to take LSU pass rusher Barkevious Mingo. Lombardi expected Mingo to team with Kruger to provide the Browns with a dynamic pass rush. However after three seasons, Mingo has struggled to even establish himself as a starter. Mingo has started 16 of a possible 48 games recording just seven sacks. The only other player from the 2013 draft class on the roster is seventh round pick Armonty Bryant a depth defensive lineman who has got 8.5 sacks in his three seasons.

The 2013 Browns got out to a better than expected start, going 3-2 in their first five games. However like Browns teams before them, the 2013 version would win just one game of their remaining 11. For the second straight off-season, Haslem cleaned house, firing both Lombardi and Chudzinski after just one season. The Browns starting quarterback reached 20 since 1999.

Again looking for a new general manager and head coach, Haslem looked within for a general manager. Haslem decided to promote former player Ray Farmer to general manager. Prior to joining the Browns organization, Farmer had worked for both the Kansas City Chiefs and Atlanta Falcons. After a month long search, Haslem hired former Bills and Jets defensive coordinator Mike Pettine as Head coach.

Like Lombardi before him, Farmer made an early splash in free agency by signing several high profile players with the aims of improving the defence. Farmer signed 29 year old strong safety and Cleveland native Donte Whitner to a four year $28 million. Farmer followed by giving 33 year old linebacker Karlos Dansby four years and $24 million. Farmer added to the offense by signing receiver Andrew Hawkins and running back Ben Tate. Expected to be the feature back, Tate was cut by the Browns after 8 games and play on both the Minnesota Vikings and Pittsburgh Steelers before the end of the 2014 season. Hawkins signed for four years and $13.6 million from the Bengals as a restricted free agent. Hawkins had a productive first season, before missing half of the 2015 season.

At the draft, Farmer looked to improve on the 2012 and 2013 drafts, which was not a hard accomplishment given how horrible those drafts were for the Browns. Although early the 2014 draft is on pace to be just as bad as the two previous drafts. Farmer started with the fourth overall pick, but made a trade with the Bills for the pick. As part of the return, Farmer received the ninth overall pick and Buffalo’s first round pick in 2015. Farmer would then trade up from nine to eight in a deal with Minnesota.

With the eighth pick, Cleveland selected Oklahoma State cornerback Justin Gilbert, despite the fact he was not the consensus best player at his position. Gilbert has struggled badly at corner his first two seasons, struggling to see the field and often being left as an inactive. Gilbert has even flirted with a position change.

As part of the Richardson trade with Indianapolis, the Browns had an extra first round pick. Farmer traded up from 26th to 22nd with the Eagles to select the draft’s highest profile player, Texas A&M quarterback and Heisman Trophy winner Johnny Manziel. After two seasons, Manziel has lost back to back training camp battles for the starter’s job. In eight career starts Manziel’s play has been far from impressive and puts him on a similar career path as former Browns’ quarterbacks selected 22nd overall Brady Quinn and Brandon Weeden. Despite the disastrous play of Quinn and Weeden, Manziel’s off-field issues have made him even more disappointing. After his first season, Manziel went to rehab. As the 2015 season ended, reports surfaced that Manziel who was injured with a concussion skipped his concussion protocol meeting at Browns headquarters on a Saturday to party in Las Vegas. Making the story even more ridiculous, reports have stated that Manziel was in Vegas wearing a blonde wig and moustache referring to himself as “Billy,” but as much as it seems plausible with the Browns is difficult to believe.

The only saving grace from the 2014 draft for Cleveland is Joel Bitonio. The Nevada offensive line product was excellent as a rookie before injuries ended his 2015 season prematurely. If there is anywhere the Browns can have any hope it is on the offensive line where stalwarts Thomas and Mack are teamed with young talents in Bitonio and Schwartz.

At the end of the season, Farmer suspended the first four games of the 2015 for violating NFL rules regarding texting the Browns coaching staff during the middle of games. The Browns were $250,000 for the violations.

The Browns also elected to introduce new jerseys and logo during the off-season. The jersey’s were universally panned and criticized by fans and media members.

After finishing 7-9, owner Jimmy Haslem surprisingly showed a little patience with his general manager and head coach, allowing both to return for a second season. For the second straight season, Farmer went into free agency with lots of cap space available.

Farmer looked to improve his offense by signing quarterback McCown to a three year $14 million contract. Looking to give McCown some receivers to make his life easier, Farmer signed two year contracts with former 1000 yard receivers Dwayne Bowe ($13 million) and Brian Hartline ($6 million). As with his signings the year before, Farmer signed older players. McCown was 36, Bowe 30 and Hartline 28.

All three moves turned into disasters, as none of Farmer’s signings played the entire season. McCown played well in eight games. Bowe was a disaster, looking completely shot as many could have predicted following his last three seasons with the Chiefs. Bowe finished the season with just five catches for 53 yards. Hartline played 12 games before a season ending injury.

On defence Farmer signed 32 year old corner Tramon Williams to a three year $21 million dollar contract, to play the corner that former eighth overall pick Gilbert proved unable to play. In addition to Williams, Farmer signed 31 year old Randy Starks to a two year contract worth $8 million.

The best move made by Farmer, trading for punter Andy Lee, who continued to be one of the league’s best punters of the past decade. Outside of the trade for Lee, Farmer’s off-season can be described as a disaster and the reason why the 2015 Browns regressed after the 2014 seven win season.

The Browns entered the 2015 with 12 picks, including two in the first and third rounds. With the eleventh pick the Browns selected athletic giant defensive lineman Danny Shelton. Shelton proved to be good but not great, and a work in progress. With the 19th pick the Browns selected versatile Florida State offensive lineman Cameron Irving. Irving started just four games and was viewed as a pick made for 2016 when he will likely replace a departing lineman in either Mack or Schwartz. Second round pick Nate Orchard started 11 games, while third round pick Duke Johnson started 7. Although early, the returns are at least better than the three previous drafts. However, it is nearly impossible to be worse.

The Browns regressed to 3-13. As history has shown, Haslem’s patience ran out for Farmer and Pettine and both were fired at the end of the season. The Cleveland quarterback graveyard grew to 24.

As the 2016 off-season begins, Haslem is searching for his fourth general manager and head coach since buying the team in 2012. Although still searching for a new general manager, Haslem made an extremely interesting front office hire.

Paul DePodesta is best known for his tenure as the General Manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers. For those who may be confused, you read that right, Haslem hired a baseball executive to be the Browns’ “chief strategy officer.” DePodesta will report directly to Haslem himself.

DePodesta gained fame through the Michael Lewis book Moneyball that looked at the analytically approach of Oakland Athletics’ General Manager Billy Beane. DePodesta was portrayed by Jonah Hill in the film adaptation of Moneyball under a different name. As a general manager, DePodesta tenure with the Dodgers is considered a failure, by many as the team failed to improve from when he took over. Then Dodgers owner Frank McCourt, fired DePodesta after two seasons, and in many ways McCourt is very similar to Haslem as he nearly destroyed the Dodgers franchise.

As inexperienced as DePodesta appears on the surface, this is not his first time working as a football executive. DePodesta played for Harvard in college and worked for the Baltimore Stallions of the CFL. DePodesta was not hired to scout players. DePodesta was hired to bring analytical thinking to the Browns. Adding an additional set of information and data to every decision the Browns make. Logically thinking, immediate impact from the DePodesta will be on the current roster and free agency. Immediately, people should expect players under performing their contracts to be gone. In free agency, analytics should help prevent the Browns from signing old declining players.

Following the DePodesta hire, Halsem lured former Oakland Raiders Head Coach and Bengals offensive coordinator Hue Jackson to be the Browns Head Coach. Jackson’s tenure as Raiders head coach lasted just the 2011 season, finishing 8-8. Normally that would be good enough to keep your job, but Jackson was in an unusual circumstance.

In the middle of the 2011 season, Raiders hall of fame owner and general manager Al Davis died the day prior to the Raiders week five game against the Houston Texans. The Raiders would win to start 3-2. The Raiders would play the Browns the following week, winning but losing starting quarterback Jason Campbell. In response, Jackson traded a first and second round pick for then retired quarterback Carson Palmer a day after beating Cleveland.

The trade was a disaster for the Raiders, setting them back two years and would eventually lose their division lead to the Tim Tebow lead Denver Broncos. Jackson would be fired by Mark Davis who cleaned house. Jackson would be hired by the Bengals working directly with quarterback Andy Dalton improving his play steadily over his tenure with the team.

For the Browns, franchise to have any success, Haslem will have to give Jackson time to install his offense with a quarterback of his choosing. Reports suggest Jackson and ownership are ready to move on from troubled quarterback Johnny Manziel. For Jackson, it will be an interesting test to see how he will use the analytics generated by DePodesta. Once again, Cleveland has reason to be optimistic about the Browns.

Since the Browns returned to Cleveland in 1999, the team has gone 87-185, averaging a 5-11 record annually. The team has had seven different head coaches, seven different general managers and one interim head coach (Terry Robiskie, 2004). The Browns have selected in the top 8 of the NFL draft ten times and started 24 different quarterbacks. At least for Browns fans, it can not get any worse. However, under Haslem’s ownership there is little reason for optimism as the owner continues to be a self-destructive force to his billion dollar franchise. But at the very least, Haslem has burned his franchise down to the ground so he can rebuild in a new analytical approach.

 

 

2016 Fitness Goals

It can always be a challenge when making yearly fitness goals. Ideally you want to make your goals hard to obtain, but still realistic to achieve. Ultimately, but the end of the year, you will either succeed and reach your goal or fail to reach your goal.

However failing to reach your goal in a given year cannot be considered a failure. The reason failing to reach your goals should not be considered a complete negative is because of the positive strides towards your goals you have still made.

All the positive strides you have made, even if you failed to reach your year’s previous goal can be used to create new goals the following year, that you will hopefully succeed and surpass in accomplishing.

In 2015 I failed to accomplish my goals. Some I came close to meeting, just missing by a few pounds or reps. Others, I did not even come close to accomplishing. That being said, I did set multiple personal bests in several different lifts and will look to build on that progress in 2016.

In this article I will do my best to attempt to explain my goals and reasoning behind them. Hopefully when you add up every individual goal you will be able to see what I am attempting to do with my body.

For years, I have been attempting to get my body fat percentage into the single digits; unfortunately I have no way to measure my body fat. However, just looking at my body I know I am nowhere close to my goal and always find myself looking at ways to accomplish this goal.

My weight peaked last year, getting as heavy as 225 pounds. However, it must be said the one scale I have is horrible. You can step on it and see one weight and then step on it again and see your weight jump or drop 15 pounds. Ideally I would like to get under 200 pounds, but would be happy if I was at 205 by years end.

Last year I had the cardio goal of running 1000 miles. At the time when I stopped counting, I was just short of 400 miles and was not going to come close to accomplishing my goal by the end of 2015’s third quarter. Before getting sick for three weeks and completely changing my cardio focus.

This year I have decided to attempt to use time as a method to track my cardio goal. This year the goal is to do 20 minutes of cardio, six days a week. For those 20 minutes on the treadmill, I will run a minimum of two miles. However, inside that 20 minute period I have a secondary goal. I want to run those two miles as fast as I possibly can. For the first few days of the year, and the end of 2015, my two mile time sat somewhere between 16.5 and 18 minutes. I have no set goal as to how fast I would like to complete those two miles, but why not 15 minutes. I think I can accomplish that goal and get even lower.

On the bench, I came to closest to accomplishing my goals. I set a new personal best for a max and did 10 reps at 225lbs. As with last year, I am still striving towards that three plate bench press. Ideally I would be able to get three reps done at 315lbs. At 225lbs, I would like to complete 15 reps.

For deadlifts I again came close, but ultimately failed to complete last year’s goal. This year, I would like to complete 12 reps at 315lbs and max of 405lbs for a couple reps.

Power cleans was last year’s goal that I poorly set. I did not come anywhere close to accomplishing the goal. This year is focused as much on weight as it is on form. I noticed last year that I was able to get weight up, but my form was not great. My elbows were in close and tight to my body instead of being high and away from the body with the elbow being at an equal level to the shoulder. This year, I would like to get 8 reps of 185lbs with good form complete. Again, this could be a complete miscalculation on my part, but I want to be aggressive with this exercise.

Squats are always a love hate relationship. When you have an amazing day in the squat rack there is no more satisfying experience in the gym. When you just don’t have it that day, it can be dejecting and disappointing. As with last year, I still want to hit that 5 plate max and hit 495lbs. In addition to the max, I would like to get 12 reps at 315lbs, 8 at 365lbs and 5 at 405lbs. It’s hard to say if I have been aggressive enough with my squat goals. Personally, my legs have always been my strongest part of my body, but have also been the fastest to decline in power. It is very possible that I could surpass some of these goals.

I can’t remember if shoulder press was included in my 2015 goals or not. I feel like I could get 20 reps at 135 done with using a barbell behind my head variation. However, I’m not sure if I could get 15 reps with the bar in front of my head. Just for fun I will also say 185lbs for 8 reps and 225lbs for 4 reps. The last two goals maybe aggressive, but failure isn’t always a bad things.

New to my goals this year will be adding pull-ups to my goals. For the sake of consistency all pull-ups goals will be done using bodyweight. I would like to get 13 reps of wide grip pull-ups, focusing on form making sure my elbows are back and that I reach full depth. For a regular pull-up I noticed that my elbows were going forward which is not correct form. So this year, I am focused on my form, keeping my elbows back and hitting the proper depth. 15 reps seem like a reasonable goal, but one that may not be aggressive enough.

Nutrition is a frustrating area for me and by far the weakest aspect of my fitness game. I always take the easy way out and eat what is available, not what is best for me. I am horrible at counting macronutrients and calories. My goal is simple, eat as clean as possible. I feel like this is an achievable goal, but may also be the hardest of any goal to accomplish. Additionally, I would like to eat smaller meals. I think the best way to do this is by adding additional meals to my daily diet as the year goes on. Hopefully this will help me be successful.

By the end of the 2016 or hopefully earlier, I would like to lean out and have nicely defined muscles and six pack abs. I have been happy with my muscle definition everywhere but my stomach. For the past decade maybe a bit less, I have hated how my stomach has gone from an athletic six pack to a flabby rolls that are very depressing. In fact, its embarrassing. It is true, you never want to take your shirt off. When I am standing you can’t notice how much I hate my lack of abs as it looks decent when upright. But bending over, or sitting down, it is a fat disgusting mess that I just hate.

Here is hoping that 2016 is a successful year for everyone.

 

Brantford Cold Cases

Police considered it a cold case when the investigation expels all of its leads and evidence without solving the case. In the city of Brantford, there are currently three cold cases.

The first cold case occurred on September 8th 1983 with the disappearance of 25 year old Mary Hammond. Hammond left her Elgin St. townhouse at 3:30 am, cutting across a field towards the bakery she worked at on Morton Ave. When Hammond did not make it to work the police were contacted. Police followed her footprints but only found items from her lunch and pieces of clothing. The police never found Hammond. Police investigated a suspicious vehicle parked near the bakery, but never located the truck.

In 2012, the case was reopened as Police executed a search warrant for a house on 143 Market St. Police performed a forensic search, but the case still remains cold more than 30 years after the disappearance of Hammond.

On Friday April 8th 1994, truck driver Michael Lovejoy was making his return journey to Michigan after picking up parts in Buffalo. Travelling westbound on the 403, Lovejoy pulled over a kilometer and a half east of the Wayne Gretzky Parkway overpass. Lovejoy proceeded to take off his socks and shoes to have a nap in the bed in the back of his truck.

On April 9th, Lovejoy was found dead after being shot multiple times. Despite receiving over 300 tips, the case remains unsolved. Numerous tips from witnesses claim they saw a male park a transport truck with similar markings and paint behind Lovejoy’s truck. Witnesses state the man then got out of his truck and walk up to Lovejoy’s truck. However, this man has not never been identified.

The final Brantford cold case occurred on Thursday July 28th 2005, when a women walking her dog discovered a full-term baby boy near an abandoned train tracks near Dufferin Ave and Parkside Drive. A police investigation was launched to discover who the mother was.

On August 3rd, Police received a letter from a woman claiming to be the mother saying she would be in contact with them. However, no further contact was made. Nine days later, police released two pieces of the letter from the public hoping to find a way to identify the mother.

The baby was laid to rest on August 17th, given the name “Baby Parker.” The name was given to the baby after the street, Parkside Drive, where the baby was found.

 

Author Note: Another class assignment, and one I would like to revisit and rewrite in a longer format. This assignment had only 600 word count. This has really sparked my interest in cold cases and could see myself revisiting the topic and maybe even writing a book if I ever had the financial resources to dedicate that much time and money into the topic.

 

Media in the Global World

Copy of my take home exam essay questions. Hope you enjoy.

Majority of information used in this assignment came from the in-class lectures. Additional information used, has been included in the footnotes section.

2)         Media convergence is the consolidation and merging of technologies, industries and companies throughout the media landscape. Today large corporations such as Bell have consolidated multiple different types of media outlets to form their empire. Bell merged with the Globe and Mail to form Bell Globe Media. The merger allowed Bell, initially a telephone company to expand its business at the same rate as the technology. The merger with the Globe add one of Canada’s two national newspapers to Bell’s empire. In addition to newspaper and phone, Bell has developed multiple television networks and radio stations. In addition to developing its own content, Bell has intelligently created its own cable and internet distribution network into its empire, as a way to get people to buy multiple entities within Bell’s empire. Bell is not the only Canadian company to use its financial power to buy out smaller telecommunications companies and merge with larger companies. The shift has left Canadians with fewer corporations owning Canadian media mediums and concerns have been raised over the media concentration ownership.

As technology has developed on the internet, digitally platforms have merged and redefined several traditional media platforms. The internet has changed radio, television, print, music and the film industries. Digital streaming services has dramatically changed the four of the five mediums. The internet has transformed the service both adding and subtracting to the traditional medium.

The exception to digital streaming revolution is print media. Traditional print media has been significantly reduced as the articles are easily available online for free or at little cost. Online news sources have dramatically reduced the subscription circulation of the newspaper industry and left the industry trying to find new methods and streams to create revenue.

Television and films are getting second lives through streaming services such as Netflix, which have paid syndication fees to their respective rights holders and sell the service to clientele. The Netflix and digital streaming service revolution is changing the television model. People are deciding to cut the cord cutting and to eliminate paying for tradition cable and satellite packages. The decision has created a revenue shift from traditional television and film companies to digital streaming companies such as Netflix. The shift in revenue has also created new content producers such as Netflix that can pay top dollar to produce content due to the lower overhead costs and high subscription base.

The music industry has perhaps seen the biggest changes as the MP3 has become the primary format for music. MP3 downloads, both legal and illegal has cut the profitability of the music industry dramatically. Perhaps no industry has had more formats change than music, which has seen the cassette made virtually extinct in the richer nations. While other traditional music formats such as the CD and vinyl record have seen their sales cut significantly since their prime selling years. While music streaming services have many positives to its users, by offering millions of songs for little to no cost per month, the artists are suffering because of the lack of pay for their songs. Digital streaming services are paying artists a small percentage of a penny for every time one of their songs in played. The lack of pay is a dramatic reduced from the few dollars that the artist made through the sale of a single CD.

3)         The role of advertising within the media industry is strictly financial. Companies sell ads in order to allow companies to cover a percentage of their overhead costs. The remaining percentage of overhead costs are covered through the sale of the media product. Without advertising, the media industry would not be able to exist, as the media would not be able to sell enough of its products at a reasonable price to cover all of its expenses.

The social costs of commercial media and advertising are the invasion of privacy, as internet companies track users to sell ads tailored to their users. People today are bombarded by ads everywhere they look. Every media platform contains ads, unless the user is willing to pay extra in order to not see any ads. The model that gives users this option, allows the media companies to double dip and profit through the sale of ads, and the sale of not showing ads.

The public never likes seeing annoying ads that clutter every industry, however unless they are willing to pay significantly more for their various services, ads are a necessary evil in order for people to receive fairly priced media content. Unless people suddenly become willing to pay significantly more for their content, ads will exist.

The government has restricted certain types of companies and ads to be used within Canadian society. Cigarette companies are no longer allowed to have ads on television or radio. In addition to not being allowed to advertise, cigarette companies are no longer allowed to sponsor teams or athletes. A famous example of this was Toronto born race car driver Paul Tracy who was sponsored by Players Cigarette Company. In the United States, Players was allowed to advertising on the Tracy driven car. However, when Tracey returned to his hometown for the Toronto Indy, his team had to make concessions to Canadian laws and remove the larger Players name from the car. [1]

In addition traditional ads, product placement has be used to highlight brands within media content. Companies are willing to pay top dollar to have their product featured within a television show or film. In Daniel Craig debut as James Bond in 2006 film Casino Royale, Dutch brewer Heineken paid to have Bond drink the beer and have its green bottles featured in other scenes.[2]

The final type of advertising is the title sponsorship of large events. Olympics and World Cups are sponsored by large companies such as McDonalds, Coca Cola and Visa. This companies do not directly have traditional 30 second ads, but have their logo pop up on screen with the announce saying that the event is brought to you by Visa.

4)         Media trends over the past decade, suggest that fewer voices are given the opportunity of being heard. Although the internet has created more access for people to voice their opinions and thoughts through blogs and YouTube channels. However Internet blogs and YouTube channels only the content producer to reach a smaller scaled audience. However there are exceptions to that rule, as the most successful blogs and YouTube channels have proven they are able to reach a large audience across the world.

On a larger scale national platform fewer voices are being heard because of the ownership concentration within Canada that sees just a few companies controlled the overwhelming majority of media outlets. In Canada, Bell and Rogers combine to control over half of the Canadian media outlets. With just a few other media companies combining to be the other 50 percent of media within Canada.

In the summer of 2013, Bell was approved in its purchase of Astral media for a Canadian record of over $4 billion.[3] The purchase gave Bell new pay services such as the Movie Channel, 21 English Radio stations and 52 French radio stations. The CRTC ordered Bell sell an additional 10 English radio stations and a few English and French television stations. The deal gave bell 35.8% of all English television channels, 22.6% of French television channels.

With Bell controlling such a large percentage of the media, only messages approved and promoted by Bell are talked about and presented to the public. In addition, Bell can spin any story about them in a method that illustrated them in the best light. Bell can choose who they hire and allow on air. Which guests they want and who they are willing to talk to and about.

However, new demographics are given their chance to be on air personalities due to affirmative action hires. To help with perception and public relations, companies have carried out a mass hiring of minorities within their company. The companies install minorities as on air personalities to provide a voice to minorities, however this is not done out of the kindness of their hearts. Companies have hired minorities and given them on air positions in order to have a better representation of their audience and attempt to attract a greater minority audience.

5)         Canadian society would benefit from having tighter government regulations on media ownership, however the chances that tigher government regulations ever occur is nearly zero. The Candian Radio and Telecommunication Commission has failed Canadians for the past several decades and will not be able to reverse the trends that have been established that have seen large corporations purchase and merge with companies to create a dominate media empire.

If the CRTC or a new organization formed to replace the ineffective CRTC, and introduced tighter government regulations, a larger variety of voices would have the opportunity to be heard. The rationale behind the state intervention is that the government needs to ensure that the media does not become a two or three company industry, where only the voices and ideals of those companies are heard by Canadians. The more voices, the more choices Canadians have. The more voices available also allows Canadians to become better informed about the issues they care about. While if there are only a few options, the same story will be produced and only selective pieces of knowledge will be shared.

Instead of having the current corporate model, that centralizes media in medium and large media markets cities, smaller markets would be given their own voice within their city if there was tighter regulations. By having more media outlets in markets ranging from small to large, more jobs would be created and more voices would be heard. Through the greater level of employment, more talent could be developed to improve the overall media landscape across Canada.

Tighter regulations would only effect the ownership landscape of the news media in print, radio and television. Other media content producers such as Film, music and television shows would not be effected as tighter regulations would not affect these industries, unless the government wished to increase Canadian Content Laws. Increased Canadian Content Laws would force media companies to play more Canadian music on radio and television stations would be forced to air more Canadian produced television shows. An interesting area to look at regulating would be the number of speciality television stations which have been granted exceptions from Canadian content laws.

Tighter media regulation would encourage greater private competition, however the cost of producing media can be so high that it makes it extremely difficult for companies that do not have large financial backing. This would allow the market audience to have a greater variety of choices when making the decision of what media they want to enjoy. Tighter regulations would also be better for Canadians financially. The big media companies have lobbied the CRTC to ensure that Canadians are forced to pay for Cable instead of the proposed pick and pay for the channels you want model.

 

 

[1] Article about Player Cigarette Company and its involvement with Racing. Does not directly reference Paul Tracy having to remove sponsorship, but does discuss Canadian Tobacco Laws and its effect on Canadian Race Car driving.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/sports/players-marks-the-end-of-an-era-with-a-farewell-celebration/article1018674/

[2] CNN article about Heineken partnership with James Bond http://money.cnn.com/news/newsfeeds/articles/marketwire/06177874.htm

 

[3] Globe and Mail article on Bell’s purchase of Astral.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/bell-astral/article12861071/

 

Sports Fandom Social Experiment

Social Experiment

How easily can a person switch favourite teams?

Abstract:

People have an unconditional love and support of their favourite teams. But how strong are the ties to those teams. Can a person change favourite teams easily, or it is nearly impossible. This study looks to see if it is possible for a person can change their favourite teams in a particular sport if they begin following another team. Secondary research compares the daily life style of the average sports fan, and the hard-core sports fan. The study will also look at the amount of time, money and emotional investment as a sports fan.

Methods:

Participants:

            The study will involve all three members of the group. Two will operate as test subjects, with the third operating as the control subject. Prior to the study, each participant will produce an about us section, that will be later be added to the website. The about us section, will include favourite sports teams, games attended yearly, games watched on average per week, and describe the level of fandom for each sports league.

Dillon will be the first test subject. He will attempt to become a fan of the Edmonton Oilers. Dillon is from Edmonton, but is not a fan of the team.

Adam will be the second test subject. He will be following the San Antonio Spurs. He identifies as a Toronto Raptors team, but enjoys the Spurs. This test subject will be investigating a variable to see if it is easier for a person to switch favourite teams, if they already like another team.

Davis will operate as the study’s control subject. He will continue to live his life as he normally would. Davis identifies as a sports fan and will continue to operate as so.

Materials & Procedures:

Each test subject is responsible for watch each their teams games. Everyone in the study will make daily logs to record what they have done that day in relation to sports. The logs will be used to capture and compare what each participant did on that day. The logs will be compared on a bi-weekly frequency to see any trends or differences between each participant.

The logs ask each participant to answer several questions. Did you watch the game? How much time and or money did you invest? Did you become emotionally engaged in the game? What do you do on nights you do not have a game to watch?

The experiment runs from November 1st, to the NBA and NHL all-star breaks. This will give us adequate time to analyze end results and draw conclusions from our results that we can articulate in our final draft of the article.

At the end of the study, all daily logs will be compared. The amount of time and money invested will be totaled and compared. Each subject will be responsible for making a determination on the experiment’s success.